It can be demoralizing to see dark circles under your eyes when you look in the mirror. They might be expected after a long night, but what if the dark circles don't disappear even after a good night of sleep? They can be caused by genetics, not just lack of sleep. Don't worry, and it's possible to make them disappear or appear lighter.
What is it?
Dark circles under the eyes are usually caused by blood vessels that can be seen in the skin. Deoxygenated blood, which is blue, gives off a bluish tint when it touches the skin.
What causes them to occur?
Dark eye circles can result from sunburns if you have fair skin. Fair skin is less transparent, allowing more blue-colored blood vessels to shine through. Dark circles can also be caused by inherited traits like thinner skin than others, Periorbital hyperpigmentation, and deep-set bones.
Skin loses collagen as we age and becomes more translucent. Also, skin can sag and cause shadowing around the eyes.
Histamines are released during allergy attacks and can cause blood vessel swelling. Itching and rubbing the eyes can lead to broken blood vessels.
Illness and Medications
Dark circles can be caused by anemia or iron deficiency. This is because the body doesn't have enough oxygen. A liver problem can also cause dark circles. Eye circles can also be caused by medications that dilate blood vessels.
According to Mayo Clinic, dark circles around the eyes can be caused by nasal congestion. This is because the veins that drain from the eyes to your nose become widened and darker. You can use a neti pot and a saline solution to relieve some pressure.
How to deal with them
You can make dark circles appear lighter by taking a few simple steps. Do not place your blood under your eyes by doubling up on pillows or sleeping higher up. A cold compress applied five minutes after waking up (or the classic cucumbers on your eyes) can constrict blood vessels and give you a refreshed appearance.
A variety of eye creams are available for dark circles. Some contain caffeine to narrow blood vessels, others have green tea to increase capillary wall strength, and some are collagen-building (the most well-known retinol). A diet high in Vitamin C, Vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids can dramatically improve the appearance of your skin, including the skin around your eyes.
How to hide them
If done correctly, makeup can cover even the darkest circles. Apply eye cream first and allow it to dry completely. To match the lighter skin around your eyes, use a cream concealer that is slightly lighter than your usual foundation. Apply the concealer to the areas and blend it into the cheekbone. To set the makeup and prevent it from getting stuck in the creases, loose dust powder on top.
You can gently stretch the skin beneath your eyes if you're not sure what is causing your dark circles. It may be genetics, aging or something else. The darkening of the eyes is due to the skin's underlying color. It is most likely that the color has not changed due to UV exposure or allergies.