Did you know that type 1 and 2 diabetes can cause vision loss and damage your eyes? Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults aged 20-74.1 Damage can occur for years without symptoms. Blue River Vision is an integral part of your healthcare team.
Diabetic patients are more at risk of developing diabetic Retinopathy. They also have a higher chance of developing cataracts later in life and glaucoma. Diabetic Retinopathy can be detected early and treated promptly to reduce your risk of blindness.
Five Ways to Avoid Diabetic Eye Disease
Annual Comprehensive Diabetic Eye Examinations - This eye exam lasts about 30 minutes. It is very similar to a standard Comprehensive Eye Examination. Your eye doctor will dilate the eyes to examine the health of each eye and assess the blood vessels. An eye doctor can only perform these exams. Depending on your blood sugar control, they may recommend increasing or decreasing your frequency. Your primary care physician will receive the findings from your eye doctor.
Blood Sugar Control - High blood sugar can cause damage to the blood vessels behind your eyes. This damage can be as early as pre-diabetes. To reduce your chances of developing eye problems, keep your blood sugar under control.
Controlling your blood pressure - Two-thirds of diabetic patients have high blood pressure. It also increases your chance of developing Retinopathy and stroke. Your primary care physician can help you manage your blood pressure to reduce your risk of developing diabetic eye disease.
Diabetes can affect cholesterol levels by decreasing "good" cholesterol and increasing the "bad" cholesterol. This increases the likelihood of developing diabetic Retinopathy. It is crucial to managing cholesterol for eye health and overall health.
Do not smoke - Smoking can increase your risk of developing type 2 Diabetes.
Common Diabetic Eye Diseases
Diabetic Retinopathy refers to damage to blood vessels at the back of the eyes. If severe, this damage can lead to blurred or distorted vision, increased floaters, and even permanent vision loss.
Diabetic Macular Embolism is swelling in your macula (the retina responsible for central vision).
Glaucoma can be caused by an increase in pressure in the eyes. This can cause damage to the optic nerve and may lead to peripheral vision loss.
Cataracts can be blurry, cloudy, or reduced vision due to changes in the color or clarity of your lens.